October was originally the eighth month of the Roman calendar and the name comes from the Latin octo meaning eight.
October 9
The Day of the Valencian Community is a local public holiday in Valencia. It celebrates Valencian culture and history. It marks the anniversary of King James of Aragon's capture of the city of Valencia from Moorish forces in 1238. After more than five centuries of Islamic rule, James I of Aragon created the kingdom of Valencia. Today the Valencian Community is an autonomous community divided into three provinces: Alicante, Castellón and Valencia.

                                                   October 12

Many countries in the world celebrate the anniversary of Christopher Columbus's arrival in the Americas, which ocurred on October 12, 1492, as an official holiday. The event is celebrated as Hispanic Day in Spain. On this day, many shops are closed and classes are off. It is a good opportunity to spend time quietly at home or in the company of family members and close friends.